WHAT IS DIAMONDS MADE OF?
Diamond is made of carbon (C).
Certain chemicals may have been drawn into the mix when a diamond was being formed out of carbon and add tinge of color in the transparent stone.
HOW HARD ARE DIAMONDS?
Diamond is the hardest material.
Hardness = 10
Crystal System = cubic
All about Diamonds|
HOW RARE ARE DIAMONDS?
How many grams do you need to mine to get 1 grams of diamonds?
(1g/1000 kg) @ 1000 g/kg = 1 g /1,000,000 g!
BUT only 20 % are gem quality the remainder are used for industrial purposes.
HOW AND WHEN ARE DIAMONDS FORMED?
All diamonds are at least 990,000,000 years old. Many are 3,200,000,000 years old (3.2 billion years)
Diamonds are formed deep within the Earth: between 100 km and 200 km below the surface.